20 Sep 2014

Metabolic syndrome... Who is at risk?

Metabolic syndrome increases the risk of diabetes and insulin resistance. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide. Incidence increases with age. Highest  incidence of metabolic syndrome is seen in native Americans. About 60 percentage of females and 45 percentage of men between 40 to 49 age group are affected. Rising prevalence of obesity also increases the metabolic syndrome.

Following are the risk factors of metabolic syndrome.
1. Overweight and obesity.
2. Sedentary lifestyle.
3. Aging.
4. Diabetes.
5. Coronary heart disease.
6. Lipodystrophy.

Overweight and obesity.
Obesity increases the waist circumference and the risk for metabolic syndrome. But people who are of normal weight can also develop insulin resistance and this syndrome.

Sedentary lifestyle.
It is a predictor of heart disease and related mortality. Sedentary lifestyle is associated with increased risk of central obesity, high triglycerides, low HDL (High dencity lipoprotein) cholesterol, high blood pressure and blood sugar. It has two fold increase incidence in those who watch television or computer more than 4 hours, compared to those who watch it less than 1 hour.

As the age advances the risk of metabolic syndrome is increasing, this tendency is seen worldwide. It is seen in 44 percentage of males more than 50 yrs in USA. Incidence is more common in females.

Diabetes mellitus
There is increased incidence of diabetes and insulin resistance in people with metabolic syndrome. This inturn will increase the risk for heart disease.

Heart disease
People with metabolic syndrome have increased incidence of heart disease. This can be reduced by lifestyle and dietary changes and weight reduction.

Both congenital and acquired is associated with metabolic syndrome.

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