28 Dec 2014

What is sudden cardiac death and its management

Sudden cardiac death is defined as Natural death due to cardiac causes, heralded by abrupt loss of consciousness, within 1 hour of the onset of a/c symptoms. Preexisting heart disease may or may not have been known to be present, but the time and mode of death are unexpected. It is due to direct consequence of cardiac arrest

Risk factors of  sudden cardiac death
Age.elderly at risk.
Male Gender.
Familial factors.Positive family history may be present.
Structural and functional factors.
Heart attack and chest pain - 80%.
Cardiomyopathies - 10 to 15%.
Other causes - 5 to 10 %.

Management of sudden cardiac arrest
Confirm cardiac arrest.
Call for help.
Give Chest compression.
Maintain airway –with  head tilt , chin lift, clear passage.
Look, listen and feel   the breathing.
Hospitalize the patient as early as possible. 

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